Aging and obesity-related conditions seem to worsen the effect of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). This study assessed the possible roles of metabolic/obesity phenotypes and vitamin D status in increasing the greater severity of COVID-19. We studied 353,299 UK Biobank participants from England with a mean age of 67.7 years. Metabolic/obesity phenotypes were defined as a combination of metabolic components (hypertension, high cholesterol, and diabetes) and obesity. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to test whether the addition of metabolic disorders and vitamin D insufficiency increased obesity associations with COVID-19 hospitalization, confirmed COVID-19, and severe COVID-19. Metabolically unhealthy obesity (MUHO) represented 12.3% of the total analytic samples, and 21.5%, 18.5%, and 19.8% of the included subpopulations with COVID-19 hospitalization, confirmed COVID-19, and severe COVID-19, respectively. Vitamin D insufficiency phenotypes represented 53.5% of the total analytic samples, and 59.5%, 61.7%, and 61.5% of the included subpopulations with COVID-19 hospitalization, confirmed COVID-19, and severe COVID-19, respectively. In multivariate logistic regression, MUHO and vitamin D insufficiency and their combination were significantly associated with COVID-19 illness severity (odds ratio [OR] for COVID-19 hospitalization = 2.33, 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.02-2.70; OR for confirmed COVID-19 = 2.06, 95% CI, 1.58-2.70; OR for severe COVID-19 = 2.06, 95% CI, 1.47-2.87). Elderly men were prone to have a higher risk of COVID-19 than women. Our findings showed that MUHO and vitamin D insufficiency are associated with a significantly increased risk of COVID-19 severity, especially for adults 65 years and older. Susceptible individuals should be aware of their conditions and avoid contact with new coronavirus.
The joint effects of genetic, lifestyle and environmental risk factors on common diseases and multimorbidity.
Most of the diseases are caused by the interaction of genetic, environmental and lifestyle risk factors. According to the WHO, lifestyle can account for 60% of the health and longevity, genetic conditions 15%, environmental and social factors 17%, and medical conditions 8 %. More and more people are suffering from multiple non-communicable diseases(NCDs), such as diabetes, cancers, cardiovascular disease, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. However, there are few studies investigating the panoramic associations between genetic, environmental and lifestyle risk factors and common diseases which involved diabetes, site-specific cancers, cardiovascular diseases, mental diseases , chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD), and Alzheimer's disease . The term "multimorbidity" in our study is referred to the coexistence of two or more common diseases in the same individual ? We will estimate the joint effect of the genetic, lifestyle and environmental risk factors on common diseases and multimorbidity. The polygenic risk scores for individuals will be calculated. The associations of genetic, environmental and lifestyle factors with the risk of common diseases will be tested using Cox proportional hazards. The prediction model for the risk of common diseases will be constructed using the machine learning methods, such as the random forest method. The proposed project will use existing data collected by UK Biobank and will take approximately 24 months to complete. Understanding genetic predisposition to disease and knowledge of lifestyle modifications is necessary for the public to make informed choices. To investigate the associations between the genetic, environmental and lifestyle risk factors and common diseases is of great importance for public health. The risk assessment tool for common diseases based on the combination of the genetic, environmental and lifestyle risk factors can provide decision -making supports for precise and individualized intervention.
|Lead investigator:||Professor Yaogang Wang|
|Lead institution:||Tianjin Medical University|
5 related Returns
|Return ID||App ID||Description||Archive Date|
|3551||45676||Association of obesity status and metabolic syndrome with site-specific cancers: a population-based cohort study||10 Jun 2021|
|3726||45676||Associations of BMI and Serum Urate with Developing Dementia: A Prospective Cohort Study||2 Aug 2021|
|4025||45676||Associations of behaviors, biological phenotypes and cardiovascular health with risks of stroke and stroke subtypes: A prospective cohort study||19 Oct 2021|
|4026||45676||Associations of sleep duration and quality with incident cardiovascular disease, cancer, and mortality: a prospective cohort study of 407,500 UK biobank participants||19 Oct 2021|
|4027||45676||Polygenic risk score, healthy lifestyles, and risk of incident depression||19 Oct 2021|